Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
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GR179 Lefka mountains
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Criteria: B2, C6
Coordinates: 35o 18' N 24o 0' E (Map)
Altitude: 600-2450 m
Area: 54000 ha

Site Description
A rugged mountainous area of Crete. The northern area of the site is dominated by maquis, the south by conifer forests. The main human activities are hunting, livestock-farming and tourism.

Habitats: Coastline/rocky areas (60%, Inland cliffs; Scree and boulders; Sea cliffs and rocky shores), Forest (15%, Native coniferous woodland), Grassland (20%, Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland), Shrubland (20%, Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis)

Land use: agriculture (70%), tourism/recreation (30%), water management (5%)

Protection status
National Partial International Partial
4,850 ha of IBA covered by National Park (Samaria, 4,850 ha). Part of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Stylou-Katochoriou, 1,050 ha). 4,850 ha of IBA covered by Biogenetic Reserve (Council of Europe) (Ethnikos Drymos Samarias (Core area), 4,850 ha). 4,840 ha of IBA covered by Biosphere Reserve (Gorge of Samaria National Park, 4,840 ha).
14700 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) ETHNIKOS DRYMOS SAMARIAS - FARAGGI TRYPITIS - PSILAFI - KOUSTOGERAKO(GR4340014).

This is an important site for breeding and passage raptors, and for species characteristic of scrub and montane habitats.

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Alectoris chukar Chukar resident 1996 Abundant unknown B2
Gypaetus barbatus Lammergeier resident 1996 - 2 good B2
Aquila chrysaetos Golden Eagle resident 1996 - 4 good B2, C6
Falco peregrinus Peregrine Falcon resident 1996 Frequent unknown C6
Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax Red-billed Chough resident 1996 Common unknown B2, C6

Conservation issues
The construction of new roads is a major threat. Part of the area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: forest grazing (high), infrastructure (high), recreation/tourism (high)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society

IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
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