Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR029 Gallikos estuary and Kalohori lagoon
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Criteria: A1, A4i, B1i, B3, C1, C2, C6
Coordinates: 40o 38' N 22o 51' E (Map)
Altitude: 0-5 m
Area: 1800 ha

Site Description
A coastal delta, with salt and freshwater marshes and lagoons.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (5%, Arable land; Other urban and industrial areas), Sea/marine area (20%, Sea inlets and coastal features), Shrubland (5%, Scrub), Wetland (70%, Coastal lagoons; Mud flats and sand flats; Salt marshes; Standing brackish and salt water; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation)

Land use: agriculture, fisheries/aquaculture, urban/industrial/transport

Protection status
National Partial International None
Part of IBA covered by protected area (details unknown).27800 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) DELTA AXIOU-LOUDIA-ALIAKMONA-ALYKI KITROUS(GR1220010).

This is an important area for breeding, passage and wintering waterbirds and other passage migrants. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Pelecanus crispus (passage), Aythya nyroca (passage), Aquila clanga (wintering).

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Numenius tenuirostris Slender-billed Curlew passage 1988 1 - good A1, C1
Himantopus himantopus Black-winged Stilt breeding 1996 100 - good B1i, C2
Recurvirostra avosetta Pied Avocet breeding 1996 - 80 good B3, C6
Glareola pratincola Collared Pratincole breeding 1996 10 40 average B1i, C2
Larus melanocephalus Mediterranean Gull breeding 1991 20 50 average C2
Phalacrocorax pygmeus Pygmy Cormorant winter 1989 10 400 good A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2

Conservation issues
Rubbish dumping (`Other' threats, above) and infilling threaten the important Kalohori lagoon which is also threatened by effluent discharges from nearby industries. The centre of the wetland is also threatened by the expansion of livestock farms. There are plans for the construction of a racecourse in the area.

Threats: construction/impact of dyke/dam/barrage (high), disturbance to birds (unknown), filling-in of wetlands (high), industrialization/urbanization (high), infrastructure (unknown), other (high), unsustainable exploitation (high)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
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IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
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