Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR028 Axios, Loudias, and Aliakmon estuaries
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Criteria: A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Coordinates: 40o 30' N 22o 43' E (Map)
Altitude: 0-5 m
Area: 20000 ha

Site Description
A coastal wetland of small lagoons, sandflats, and alluvial forests dominated by Tamarix, Alnus , and Salix. Human activities include rice production, livestock farming, fishing and mussel culture.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (30%, Arable land), Forest (10%, Alluvial and very wet forest), Wetland (60%, Coastal lagoons; Rivers and streams; Salt marshes; Tidal rivers and enclosed tidal waters; Water fringe vegetation)

Land use: agriculture (80%), fisheries/aquaculture (30%), hunting (50%), nature conservation and research (30%), tourism/recreation (10%)

Protection status
National Partial International Partial
2,381 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Stergiou-Aliakmon/Aiginiou, 2,381 ha). 1,200 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Delta Aliakmona/Kleidiou, 1,200 ha). 2,150 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Delta Axiou-Chalastras, 2,150 ha). Part of IBA overlaps with Protected Area. 11,808 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Delta Axiou, Loudia and Aliakmon-Alyki Kitrous, 11,808 ha).
27800 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) DELTA AXIOU-LOUDIA-ALIAKMONA-ALYKI KITROUS(GR1220010).

This is a very important site for breeding, passage and wintering waterbirds. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aythya nyroca (passage), Haliaeetus albicilla (wintering), Aquila clanga (1- 3 wintering individuals), Gallinago media (passage). The site holds 20,000 or more waterbirds in winter, on a regular basis (including Phalacrocorax pygmeus 5,000; Anas penelope 1,000; Calidris alpina 2,500; Larus ridibundus 7,000; Larus cachinnans 5,000).

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Limosa limosa Black-tailed Godwit passage 1990 100 4000 average B1i, C3
Numenius tenuirostris Slender-billed Curlew passage 0 1 - average A1, C1
Haematopus ostralegus Eurasian Oystercatcher breeding 1996 5 15 average B1i, C3
Himantopus himantopus Black-winged Stilt breeding 1996 100 150 good B1i, C2
Recurvirostra avosetta Pied Avocet breeding 1996 50 70 good B3, C6
Charadrius alexandrinus Kentish Plover breeding 1990 50 100 average B1i, B2, C3
Glareola pratincola Collared Pratincole breeding 1996 50 100 average A4i, B1i, B2, C2
Larus cachinnans Yellow-legged Gull winter 1990 - 5000 average A4i, B1i, C3
Larus melanocephalus Mediterranean Gull breeding 1996 800 1400 average A4i, B1i, B3, C2, C6
Sterna albifrons Little Tern breeding 1996 70 130 average B2, C6
Phalacrocorax pygmeus Pygmy Cormorant winter 1997 5000 - good A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2
Egretta garzetta Little Egret breeding 1990 274 700 good A4i, B1i, C2
Ardeola ralloides Squacco Heron breeding 1990 150 300 good A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Nycticorax nycticorax Black-crowned Night-heron breeding 1990 420 800 good A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Ixobrychus minutus Little Bittern breeding 1990 30 80 poor B2, C2, C6
Platalea leucorodia Eurasian Spoonbill breeding 1995 16 50 good B1i, B2, C2, C6
Pelecanus crispus Dalmatian Pelican passage 1990 5 50 average A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2
Calandrella brachydactyla Greater Short-toed Lark breeding 1990 Frequent unknown C6

Conservation issues
Threats include illegal housing, intensive livestock farming, and water pollution from industry and intensive agriculture. Conservation projects have included LIFE projects on Numenius tenuirostris, Phalacrocorax pygmeus , and Anser erythropus . The area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: agricultural intensification/expansion (high), construction/impact of dyke/dam/barrage (low), dredging/canalization (high), industrialization/urbanization (high), unsustainable exploitation (medium)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society

IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
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