Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR020 Lake Kerkini
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Criteria: A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Coordinates: 41o 12' N 23o 9' E (Map)
Altitude: 32-50 m
Area: 12000 ha

Site Description
Kerkini is a freshwater reservoir with reedbeds ( Phragmites ), some wet forest, and arable land.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (5%, Arable land), Forest (15%, Alluvial and very wet forest), Wetland (80%, Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation)

Land use: agriculture (5%), fisheries/aquaculture (80%), forestry (10%), tourism/recreation, water management (80%)

Protection status
National None International High
10,996 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Kerkini reservoir, 10,996 ha).
28200 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) TECHNITI LIMNI KERKINIS - OROS KROUSIA(GR1260008).

A very important area for breeding, passage and wintering waterbirds and raptors and breeding and migratory passerines. The site is valuable as a foraging area for raptors nesting elsewhere. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Haliaeetus albicilla (non-breeding, 2- 4 wintering individuals), Aquila heliaca (1- 3 wintering individuals), Falco naumanni (passage), Gallinago media (wintering).

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Oxyura leucocephala White-headed Duck winter 1993 3 100 unknown A1, C1
Anser erythropus Lesser White-fronted Goose passage 1996 12 110 unknown A1, C1
Anser anser Greylag Goose winter 1996 85 550 unknown B1i, C3
Tadorna tadorna Common Shelduck winter 1996 130 1200 unknown B1i, C3
Anas platyrhynchos Mallard winter 1995 22000 - unknown B1i, C3
Anas crecca Eurasian Teal winter 1995 31500 - unknown A4i, B1i, C3
Aythya ferina Common Pochard winter 1995 15000 - unknown A4i, B1i, C3
Aythya nyroca Ferruginous Duck resident 1995 Frequent unknown C6
Recurvirostra avosetta Pied Avocet passage 0 - 1200 unknown A4i, B1i, C2
Chlidonias hybridus Whiskered Tern breeding 1993 250 - unknown B1i, B2, C2, C6
Chlidonias niger Black Tern breeding 1993 50 - unknown C2
Accipiter brevipes Levant Sparrowhawk breeding 0 - 10 unknown B2
Aquila clanga Greater Spotted Eagle winter 1996 8 13 unknown A1, C1
Phalacrocorax pygmeus Pygmy Cormorant resident 1991 430 - unknown A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Phalacrocorax pygmeus Pygmy Cormorant winter 1991 500 - unknown A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2
Phalacrocorax carbo Great Cormorant resident 1993 1125 - unknown B1i, C3
Phalacrocorax carbo Great Cormorant winter 1993 2500 - unknown B1i, C3
Egretta garzetta Little Egret breeding 1996 445 640 unknown A4i, B1i, C2
Casmerodius albus Great Egret winter 1996 70 360 unknown A4i, B1i, C2
Ardeola ralloides Squacco Heron breeding 1996 170 260 unknown A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Nycticorax nycticorax Black-crowned Night-heron breeding 1996 530 900 unknown A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Plegadis falcinellus Glossy Ibis passage 1996 120 600 unknown A4i, B1i, C2
Platalea leucorodia Eurasian Spoonbill resident 1996 55 120 unknown A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Pelecanus onocrotalus Great White Pelican passage 1996 - 900 unknown A4i, B1i, C2
Pelecanus crispus Dalmatian Pelican winter 1996 - 450 unknown A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2
Pelecanus crispus Dalmatian Pelican passage 1996 - 1200 unknown A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2
Ciconia ciconia White Stork breeding 1996 110 150 unknown B2, C6

Conservation issues
The major threat is alteration of the dyke system to raise water-levels. Illegal land-reclamation, road construction, rubbish tipping (`Other' threats) and fishing are also threats. Part of the area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: agricultural intensification/expansion (medium), aquaculture/fisheries (medium), construction/impact of dyke/dam/barrage (high), deforestation (commercial) (unknown), disturbance to birds (low), filling-in of wetlands (medium), industrialization/urbanization (unknown), infrastructure (medium), other (medium), selective logging/cutting (unknown), unsustainable exploitation (medium)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
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