Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR099 Kotychi lagoon
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Criteria: A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2
Coordinates: 38o 0' N 21o 18' E (Map)
Altitude: 0-2 m
Area: 2700 ha

Site Description
A small brackish lagoon separated from the sea by dunes and surrounded by patches of saltmarsh and agricultural land. Human activities include aquaculture, agriculture, and tourism.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (14%, Arable land; Other urban and industrial areas), Forest (21%, Native coniferous woodland), Shrubland (20%, Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis), Wetland (45%, Coastal lagoons; Fens, transition mires and springs; Salt marshes; Sand dunes and beaches; Water fringe vegetation)

Land use: agriculture (40%), fisheries/aquaculture (20%), tourism/recreation (15%), urban/industrial/transport (5%), water management (20%)

Protection status
National None International Partial
Part of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Kotychi Lagoon, 3,700 ha).
2351 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) LIMNOTHALASSA KOTHYCI - ALYKI LECHENON(GR2330009).

The site is important for breeding, passage and wintering waterbirds. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Pelecanus crispus (5- 11 non-breeding individuals), Aythya nyroca (passage).

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Falco naumanni Lesser Kestrel breeding 0 6 10 unknown A1, C1
Egretta garzetta Little Egret passage 0 500 1000 unknown A4i, B1i, C2
Casmerodius albus Great Egret winter 1996 40 120 good A4i, B1i, C2
Plegadis falcinellus Glossy Ibis passage 0 200 500 unknown A4i, B1i, C2

Conservation issues
Hunting is a serious problem, despite a partial prohibition. Additional threats are from aquaculture, road construction and tourism development. Part of the area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: agricultural intensification/expansion (medium), aquaculture/fisheries (medium), forest grazing (unknown), infrastructure (medium), recreation/tourism (medium), unsustainable exploitation (high)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
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IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
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