Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR058 Mounts Kato Olympos and Ossa, and Tembi ravine
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Criteria: B2, C6
Coordinates: 39o 54' N 22o 30' E (Map)
Altitude: 10-1978 m
Area: 69000 ha

Site Description
The site includes two mountains separated by the Tembi valley. The western part of Kato Olympos is predominantly grassland and scrub, whilst eastern areas are well forested.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (10%, Arable land; Perennial crops, orchards and groves), Coastline/rocky areas (5%, Inland cliffs), Forest (35%, Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Broadleaved evergreen woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland), Grassland (20%, Humid grasslands; Steppes and dry calcareous grassland), Shrubland (30%, Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis)

Land use: agriculture (55%), forestry (35%), hunting (40%)

Protection status
National Partial International Partial
2,250 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Aspropetra-Ailia/Kalipefkis, 2,250 ha). 470 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Tsaira-Goliani/Rapsanis, 470 ha). Part of IBA covered by Controlled Hunting Area (Ossa, 26,377 ha). 1,690 ha of IBA covered by Aesthetic Forest (Ossa Aesthetic Forest, 1,690 ha). Part of IBA covered by Aesthetic Forest (Tembi Valley, 1,762 ha).
1336 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) AISTHITIKO DASOS KOILADAS TEMPON(GR1420005).24064 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) OROS OSSA(GR1420007).24572 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) KATO OLYMPOS, OROS GODAMANI KAI KOILADA RODIAS(GR1420008).

The site is important for breeding and passage raptors and as a migration corridor. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aegypius monachus (non-breeding), Aquila heliaca (non-breeding), Falco naumanni (passage).

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Merops apiaster European Bee-eater breeding 1996 Frequent poor B2
Gyps fulvus Eurasian Griffon breeding 1996 - 2 good C6
Accipiter brevipes Levant Sparrowhawk breeding 1996 6 12 average B2
Falco biarmicus Lanner Falcon breeding 1993 Uncommon poor B2, C6
Ficedula semitorquata Semicollared Flycatcher breeding 1996 Uncommon poor B2, C6
Emberiza hortulana Ortolan Bunting breeding 1996 Frequent average B2, C6

Conservation issues
Logging and scrub burning are leading to gradual degradation of the habitat. Plans for a dam and reservoir in the gorge are a serious threat. The laying of poison baits continues and has already caused the loss of Gypaetus barbatus and Aegypius monachus from the site. Part of the area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: afforestation (low), burning of vegetation (low), construction/impact of dyke/dam/barrage (medium), deforestation (commercial) (medium), firewood collection (low), forest grazing (low), groundwater abstraction (low), infrastructure (medium), recreation/tourism (low), selective logging/cutting (medium), unsustainable exploitation (medium)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society

IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
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