Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR139 Mount Olympos, Lesvos
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Criteria: A3, B3, C2, C6
Coordinates: 39o 5' N 26o 20' E (Map)
Altitude: 50-968 m
Area: 15000 ha

Site Description
The top of the mountain is unvegetated. Below this is a band of mixed Pinus and Castanea woodland, with olive-groves in the lowland area. Human activities include livestock-farming, forestry and quarrying.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (20%, Forestry plantations; Perennial crops, orchards and groves), Coastline/rocky areas (5%, Inland cliffs), Forest (80%, Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland)

Land use: agriculture (40%), forestry (10%), not utilised (35%), tourism/recreation (5%), urban/industrial/transport (10%)

Protection status
National Partial International None
Part of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Koutra- Chorafi Agrias- Chorafelia/Agiasou Lesv, 700ha). Part of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Plati/Asomaton- Sikounta- Mychou).

This is an important site for species typical of Pinus forest and non-intensive olive groves. Breeding birds include six of the 21 species in Europe that are restricted (when breeding) to the Mediterranean biome.

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Dendrocopos medius Middle Spotted Woodpecker resident 1996 Frequent good C6
Oenanthe hispanica Black-eared Wheatear breeding 1996 Frequent good A3
Sitta krueperi Krueper's Nuthatch resident 1996 30 50 good A3, B3, C2, C6
Sitta neumayer Western Rock-nuthatch resident 1996 Uncommon good A3
Sylvia melanocephala Sardinian Warbler resident 1996 Common good A3
Sylvia cantillans Subalpine Warbler breeding 1996 Common good A3
Emberiza melanocephala Black-headed Bunting breeding 1996 Frequent good A3

Conservation issues
Threats include fires, forestry operations, overgrazing and road building. Part of the area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: burning of vegetation (high), disturbance to birds (low), firewood collection (medium), selective logging/cutting (medium), unsustainable exploitation (low)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
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IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
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