Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR137 Kallonis gulf
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Criteria: A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Coordinates: 39o 10' N 26o 13' E (Map)
Altitude: 0-100 m
Area: 7800 ha

Site Description
A large bay with a shallow brackish zones, small freshwater marshes, saltmarshes, and saltpans. Human activities include agriculture, salt production, stock-raising, fishing, hunting, and recreation.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves), Forest (Native coniferous woodland), Sea/marine area (Sea inlets and coastal features), Shrubland (Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis), Wetland (Coastal lagoons; Salt marshes; Sand dunes and beaches; Standing brackish and salt water; Tidal rivers and enclosed tidal waters)

Land use: agriculture, fisheries/aquaculture, tourism/recreation, urban/industrial/transport, water management

Protection status
National Partial International Partial
Part of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Prophitis Ilias/Polychnitou, 430 ha).
6461 ha of the IBA are covered by Special Protection Area (SPA) PARAKTIOI YGROTOPOI KOLPOU KALLLONIS(GR4110007).

This is an important site for migratory and wintering waterbirds. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Phalacrocorax pygmeus (maximum 15 wintering individuals), Aythya nyroca (passage), Aquila clanga (wintering), Falco naumanni (breeding), Gallinago media (passage), Larus audouinii .

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Tadorna ferruginea Ruddy Shelduck breeding 1995 - 50 unknown B2, C6
Recurvirostra avosetta Pied Avocet breeding 1993 34 39 good C6
Phoenicopterus ruber Greater Flamingo winter 1997 - 1120 good A4i, B1i, C2
Lanius nubicus Masked Shrike breeding 1995 Frequent unknown B2

Conservation issues
Threats to the site include hunting, water pollution from industry and agriculture, filling-in of wetlands, the creation of embankments, overgrazing, fires, the expansion of cultivation, and new tourism development. Part of the area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: agricultural intensification/expansion (medium), aquaculture/fisheries (unknown), burning of vegetation (low), construction/impact of dyke/dam/barrage (low), filling-in of wetlands (medium), industrialization/urbanization (high), recreation/tourism (medium), unsustainable exploitation (high)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
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IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
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