Hellenic Ornithological Society, photo: Christos Toskos
GR134 South-west peninsula-petrified forest, Lesvos
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Criteria: A1, A3, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Coordinates: 39o 10' N 26o 0' E (Map)
Altitude: 0-799 m
Area: 34000 ha

Site Description
A rugged area dominated by phrygana with dispersed Quercus macrolepis . The inaccessible northern areas of the site are dominated by maquis. Human activities include livestock-farming, tourism and quarrying.

Habitats: Artificial landscapes (10%, Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves), Coastline/rocky areas (10%, Inland cliffs; Rock stacks and islets; Scree and boulders), Forest (10%, Broadleaved deciduous woodland), Shrubland (70%, Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis), Wetland (5%, Water fringe vegetation)

Land use: agriculture (70%), nature conservation and research (10%), not utilised (10%), tourism/recreation (10%), urban/industrial/transport (5%)

Protection status
National Partial International None
Part of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Mesoros/Agra Lesvou, 600ha). Part of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Apolithomena/Sigriou, 800ha). Part of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Skamniouda/Antissas, 600ha). Part of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Vathia Koilada- Kelemia Antissas, 400ha). 15,000ha of IBA covered by Natural Monument (Petrified Forest of Lesbos Island, 15,000ha).

The site is important for breeding and passage raptors and also other migrants. Breeding birds include nine of the 21 species in Europe that are restricted (when breeding) to the Mediterranean biome. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Haliaeetus albicilla (non-breeding), Aquila clanga (non-breeding), Larus audouinii (non-breeding).

Species Season Year Min Max Acc Criteria
Dendrocopos medius Middle Spotted Woodpecker resident 1996 Frequent good C6
Circaetus gallicus Short-toed Snake-eagle breeding 1996 Frequent good C6
Buteo rufinus Long-legged Buzzard resident 1996 - 5 good B2
Falco naumanni Lesser Kestrel breeding 1996 5 10 good A1, C1
Falco eleonorae Eleonora's Falcon breeding 1996 Frequent good A3
Lanius nubicus Masked Shrike breeding 1996 Uncommon good A3, B2
Oenanthe hispanica Black-eared Wheatear breeding 1996 Abundant good A3
Sitta neumayer Western Rock-nuthatch resident 1996 Common good A3
Sylvia melanocephala Sardinian Warbler resident 1996 Common good A3
Sylvia cantillans Subalpine Warbler breeding 1996 Common good A3
Emberiza cineracea Cinereous Bunting breeding 1996 100 250 good A1, A3, B2, C1, C2, C6
Emberiza caesia Cretzschmar's Bunting breeding 1996 Common good A3, B3, C6
Emberiza melanocephala Black-headed Bunting breeding 1996 Common good A3

Conservation issues
The main threats are overgrazing and tourist developments. A large dam and associated infrastructure are currently being constructed. Part of the area is a candidate SAC.

Threats: agricultural intensification/expansion (medium), drainage (low), filling-in of wetlands (low), groundwater abstraction (unknown), industrialization/urbanization (low), recreation/tourism (medium), unsustainable exploitation (low)

Source: Important Areas for the Birds of Greece
Copyright © Hellenic Ornithological Society

IBA caretakers

Hellenic Ornithological Society
Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas of Greece
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